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Conference on Climate Change: Shifting Science and Changing Policy


14 October 2011

Phirozeshah Mehta Building , Mumbai University ,

Vidyanagari, Kalina, Mumbai

Session 5: Conclusion: Policy implications

  • Dr. Bjarne Lembke: Climate Change and Health (Read Abstract)
  • Dr Kurush F. Dalal: Climate Change and the Repercussions on Human Evolution and Culture (Read Abstract)
  • Dr Amir Bashir Bazaz: Evolution of the Energy-Environment Policies in the context of NAPCC in India (Read Abstract)
  • Mr Barun Mitra: Decarbonisation of the Economy (Read Abstract)

Abstracts of papers to be presented in session on Policy Implications.

Climate Change and Health


By : Dr. Bjarne Lembke


In the IPCC scenario, vector borne diseases were claimed to increase with increasing temperature. Paul Reiter has elegantly demonstrated that this is not at all the case. He means that most of the recorded changes over the last 50-60 years could be a direct function of the banning of DDT but it can also be a poorer natural resistance by people living in urban areas. It is much to easy just to throw the blame on global warming. It steals the limelight, however, from the real problems related to the “urbanization revolution”. Climate has always been changing – regionally as well as globally – and the ecologic systems have changed with the climate. In older days even man had to follow the changes. The urbanization has changed the possibility to do so, however. Today more than 50% of humanity lives in big urban areas and must be supplied with food, water and energy. Living far from the nature several generations make human being more sensible for catastrophes and fear of catastrophes. There is no grandfather teling you how to behave so they have no mental defence of their own. Global warming and climate changes have been adopted by the politicians and converted to a weapon for controlling people. Young people are very sensible for fear particularly if they don’t have a natural background. We know that the stress of the fear can start reactions in the brain steam causing migraine, depressions, and depression of the immune system. We know that urban young people has 3-4 % higher psychosomatic problems than 50 years ago. Instead of frighten people with disinformation about diseases and coastal flooding, they should be given true information and knowledge.


Climate Change and the Repercussions on Human Evolution and Culture

By :
Dr Kurush F. Dalal

Climate change and the repercussions and of climate change have been part and parcel of the evolution of man and have been constantly faced by human beings right from the earliest periods of the human past right up to the recent. To an archaeologist and from an archaeologists perception climate change is just one of the irregularly regular constants in the history of man.

This paper attempts to give a brief overview of climatic change not from the viewpoint of the hard sciences, politics or ethics that usually play a major role in climate change discussions but from the viewpoint of archaeology and cultural history. It also emphasizes two very import points of view. The first that the repercussions/aftermath of climate change are not necessarily adverse but more often than not incredibly positive. Human evolution and cultural evolution have more often than not been shaped by the necessities brought about by climate change and its associated factors. The second point is that most climate changes are to human evolution both biological and cultural nothing different from all other natural phenomenon and are to be faced as inevitable and therefore with a readiness to evolve to meet their challenges.


Evolution of the Energy-Environment Policies in the context of NAPCC in India


By: Ms Pooja Kotiyal and Dr Amir Bashir Bazaz

The Indian experience with the energy and environment policy domain is not a newly discovered agenda. There has been enough action within this domain since the last three decades and even before that. The key question however, is the need to understand the underlying process that has facilitated the evolution of the energy-environment policy landscape, its various elements and instruments therein.

With the announcement of India's National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), the climate change agenda has taken center stage within the Indian policy landscape. This announcement was followed up by a national commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of India's GDP by 20-25% by 2020 at 2005 levels. Many scholarly and review articles have been written that has analyzed the possibilities and legitimacy of achieving such a reduction. Prima facie it appears that the policy statement is an extension of India's already existing plan/policy announcements or is it a well-directed policy initiative, with a markedly different pathway?

Using Kingdon’s multiple streams model, the evolution of the energy-environment policy domain in India would be explored in this paper. It is expected to identify the key transitions in the evolution, drivers and elements of the energy-environment policy in India during the last three decades. Using extensive literature survey and expert consultations, the paper would delineate a framework that analyzes the energy- environment policies in the Indian context.

Within the developed framework of analysis we intend to analyze the NAPCC, its legitimacy and adequacy, if any. The framework would be helpful in identifying inter- play within the three distinct but complementary processes or streams in policy-making: the problem, policy and political. We propose to identify the nature and extent of the coupling of the above streams that allows for the evolution of the energy-environment policy in India and the state of NAPCC within that.

Decarbonisation of the Economy

By: Mr Barun Mitra  

Decarbonisation of the world economy has been going on for the past 500 years, ever since mankind began moving from wood, and charcoal to coal. In recent years, carbon intensity of economies across most countries, has been declining steadily. As economies have been reforming and becoming more competitive, energy efficiency has been improving, while carbon intensity falling. This has been a secular trend, quite irrespective of whether carbon emissions are causing global warming or not. Therefore, market reforms and a competitive environment would go a long way in improving energy efficiency, and reducing pollution. It carbon is really responsible for climate change (a theory which many international scholars doubt), the cleaning up process of the economy under a market economic system would help in reducing carbon too. So the question is would a Kuznet's curve in carbon or other environmental pollutant, become a reality?

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