Evolution of the Energy-Environment
Policies in the context of NAPCC in India
Ms Pooja Kotiyal and Dr Amir Bashir Bazaz
The Indian experience with the energy and environment policy domain is not a newly
discovered agenda. There has been enough action within this domain since the last
three decades and even before that. The key question however, is the need to understand
the underlying process that has facilitated the evolution of the energy-environment
policy landscape, its various elements and instruments therein.
With the announcement of India's National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC),
the climate change agenda has taken center stage within the Indian policy landscape.
This announcement was followed up by a national commitment to reduce the emissions
intensity of India's GDP by 20-25% by 2020 at 2005 levels. Many scholarly and review
articles have been written that has analyzed the possibilities and legitimacy of
achieving such a reduction. Prima facie it appears that the policy statement is
an extension of India's already existing plan/policy announcements or is it a well-directed
policy initiative, with a markedly different pathway?
Using Kingdon’s multiple streams model, the evolution of the energy-environment
policy domain in India would be explored in this paper. It is expected to identify
the key transitions in the evolution, drivers and elements of the energy-environment
policy in India during the last three decades. Using extensive literature survey
and expert consultations, the paper would delineate a framework that analyzes the
energy- environment policies in the Indian context.
Within the developed framework of analysis we intend to analyze the NAPCC, its legitimacy
and adequacy, if any. The framework would be helpful in identifying inter- play
within the three distinct but complementary processes or streams in policy-making:
the problem, policy and political. We propose to identify the nature and extent
of the coupling of the above streams that allows for the evolution of the energy-environment
policy in India and the state of NAPCC within that.
Decarbonisation of the Economy
By: Mr Barun Mitra
Decarbonisation of the world economy has been going on for the past 500 years, ever
since mankind began moving from wood, and charcoal to coal. In recent years, carbon
intensity of economies across most countries, has been declining steadily. As economies
have been reforming and becoming more competitive, energy efficiency has been improving,
while carbon intensity falling. This has been a secular trend, quite irrespective
of whether carbon emissions are causing global warming or not. Therefore, market
reforms and a competitive environment would go a long way in improving energy efficiency,
and reducing pollution. It carbon is really responsible for climate change (a theory
which many international scholars doubt), the cleaning up process of the economy
under a market economic system would help in reducing carbon too. So the question
is would a Kuznet's curve in carbon or other environmental pollutant, become a reality?